## FAZST - Femto-Atto-Zepto-Second Science-Technology: Manipulating
Electrons with Lasers

**Prof. A. BANDRAUK, Université de Sherbrooke, Québec,
Canada**

**Vendredi, 13 novembre 2009, 16 h 00,
Amphi A1, campus Jussieu**

Advances in modern laser technology allow for the generation of ultrashort
(few cycles) intense (l>10**14 W/cm2) laser pulses. Interaction for such
intense pulses with molecules leads to MHOHG, Molecular High Order Harmonic
Generation, [1], MATI, Molecular Above Threshold Ionization, [2], through
the highly nonlinear nonperturbative response of electrons. The resulting
harmonics are in fact the only current source of coherent attosecond (asec)
pulses [3]. Since the electron orbit period in the hydrogen atom is 152 asecs,
such pulses are the preferred future tools for imaging, visualizing and
controlling electron motion in molecules [4]. Numerical solutions of
multidimensional molecular Time-Dependent Schroedinger equations, TDSEs,
coupled to the photon Maxwell equation on multiprocessor parallel
supercomputers are the essential mathematical tools for modelling and
simulating the generation of asec pulses [5]. These asec pulses are then used
through molecular TDSE simulations to create Molecular Electron-Wavepackets,
MEWPs. The generation of MEWPs, the study of their intrinsic properties and
their manipulation are therefore the source of a new science - Attosecond
Science, i.e., the ultimate control of electrons in matter.

[1]. A.D. Bandrauk, S. Barmaki, G.K. Lagmago, chapt. 5 in "Ultrafast Intense Laser Science", edit K. Yamanouchi et al, vol III, (Springer, Berlin, Tokyo, 2008).

[2]. A.D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, I. Kawata, Phys. Rev. A 67, 013407 (2003).

[3]. A.D. Bandrauk, F. Krausz, A. Starace, New J Phys. 10, 025004 (2008).

[4]. S. Chelkowski, G.L. Yudin, A.D. Bandrauk, J Phys. B 39, S409 (2006)

[5]. E. Lorin, S. Chelkowski, A.D. Bandrauk, New J Phys. 10, 025033 (2008).